Where we work and why

Aangan’s work is spread across six states, targeting particularly vulnerable communities in districts where child protection indicators on child marriage, trafficking, hazardous work or exploitation are high. These are identified as ‘Hotspots’.

Our target this year: Aangan will make 260 locations in high-risk districts across six states SAFE for children either directly or through our partners.
Bihar: Patna, Muzaffarpur, Gaya, Sitamarhi
Maharashtra: Mumbai, Pune
Odisha: Khurda, Boudh, Bolangir
Rajasthan: Bharatpur
Uttar Pradesh: Varanasi, Chandauli, Mau, Basti, Bahraich
West Bengal: Malda, 24 N. Parganas, 24, S Parganas, Murshidabad

The parameters we use for selecting hotspots are: States with low social indicators like large number of out-of-school children, or the most backward districts, or that have high prevalence of trafficking, child marriage, child labor, missing children, and abuse. The sources of this data are Unicef/UNODC; the Government of India’s ‘Most Backward Regions Grant List’; and consultation with state authorities or district officials.

Why a Hotspot Model:
The statistics on child harm are alarming and the problem is one of enormous scale. One hundred thousand children go missing every year (Ministry of Home Affairs); over a million children are victims of trafficking; 47 % girls are married before the age of 18 (UNICEF) and one out of two children report sexual abuse of some kind (Ministry of Women and Child Development, India, 2007). While there are a plethora of laws and policies to address these issues, their implementation on the ground is challenging.

The context in which child harm manifests and how it does so is typically local and exacerbated to a large extent by social norms, traditions and specific practices in states and regions. At the time of implementation, national laws and policies often ignore or clash with local history, traditions, culture, norms and practices. The question becomes - how can state authorities ensure that programming is customized enough to address specific local challenges in the most vulnerable locations?

The Hotspot model allows our program implementation methodology to consider and leverage the particular local environment, local insight and a community’s understanding of their problems. The capability to do this is an ongoing process that is rooted in the community engagement practices we follow.